city layers of history

Miasta zyskują swoją niepowtarzalność oraz ten element, którego nie można zaprojektować czy przewidzieć. Warstwy miasta, okresy rozwoju historii tworzą przestrzeń składającą się z wielu nakładających się wątków.

Elementem, który zwraca uwagę na mapie Kopenhagi jest ciąg fortyfikacji otaczający najstarszą część miasta. Cały ten obszar wyróżnia element ciągnącego się szerokim pasmem kanału. Przecina on ląd od północy na południe jednocześnie łącząc fragment lądu, największy w obszarze wysp duńskich z mniejszą wyspą Amager. Ta obszerna część zajmuje prawie jedną czwartą obszaru obrysowanego linią fortów. Fakt ten niewątpliwie miał ogromny wpływ na kierunki rozbudowy miasta, przede wszystkim dlatego, że stwarzała nowe możliwości przez bezpośredni kontakt i relacje z morzem. Dzielnica Christianshavn z bardzo bujną historią i wieloma zmianami przeprowadzanymi na wyspach w celu dostosowania portu do potrzeb militarnych, handlu i produkcji na przestrzeni wieków. Ciekawe są kolejne warstwy zmian w przeznaczeniu budynków, próby ich regeneracji i znaczenie socjologiczne, czego ciekawym zjawiskiem jest mieszcząca się na opuszczonych terenach militarnych Christiania. Dzielnica Christianshavn oraz część Frederiksstad składa się z obszarów powstałych w procesie osuszania gruntów. Powiększanie obszaru lądu było wynikiem potrzeby budowy magazynów pod handel.

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Trade with the Danish colonies produced, during the eighteenth century, large concentrations of capital and correspondingly large buildings to store the companies’ goods, and these changes initiated one of the first layering processes that can still be clearly seen in the city’s structure.

In Christinashavn and in front of Frederiksstad land was reclaimed to create room for the big warehouses that corresponded to this new economic organization of trade. This placed the existing parts of the city in a new relation to the sea. The harbor was narrowed, and the remains of the original coastline disappeared to be covered by large docks.

NORDATLANTENS BRYGGE

An enormous old maritime warehouse from 1767 located by the harbourfront in the Christianshavn neighbourhood of central Copenhagen. The building is situated by the Greenlandic Trading Square (Danish: Grønlandske Handelsplads), which, for 200 years, was a centre for trade to and from the Faroe Islands, Finmark, Iceland, and in particular, Greenland. Dry fish, salted herring, whale oil and skins are among the goods that were stored or treated in and around the warehouse before being sold off to European markets.

Turned into offices in the early 1980s, North Atlantic House is a cultural centre dedicated to preserve, promote and communicate culture and art from the North Atlantic area. The large building now houses exhibition rooms with art from the North Atlantic area, concert and conference rooms, the official representations of the Faroe Islands, Greenland and Iceland as well as World famous restaurant Noma.

Butik Kamik (now), former factory where whales were boiled for lamp oil, now a showcase for the arts and crafts of the region.

GAMMEL DOK

Gammel Dok is a 19th century former warehouse at Strandgade in Christianshavn. It now houses the Danish Architecture Centre and the National Workshops for Art.

Danish Architecture Centre is a communication and development centre for architecture in Copenhagen, where it operates an exhibition space which puts on temporary exhibitions about architecture, urban planning and sustainable development.

KUNSTAKADEMIETS ARKITEKTSKOLE

From 1690 to 1990, Holmen was the main base of the Danish Navy. Prospered from the trade created by the huge naval base. The Navy had its most important  installations – shipyards, magazines and arsenals, cranes and guardhouse. The dockyards served as the main port for the Danish naval fleet. At the dockyards, ships were built for the Navy right until 1972 when it became a repair yard until Holmen was finally decommissioned. In 1990, Holmen was sold. The Naval fleet now docks at the ports of Korsør and Frederikshavn. The island of Nyholm is still owned by the Armed Forces, and the Royal Danish Naval Academy is located here.

RYTMISK MUSIKKONSERVATORIUM

CHRISTIANIA

The area of Christiania consists of the former military barracks of Bådsmandsstræde and parts of the city ramparts. The barracks of Bådsmandsstræde (Bådsmandsstrædes Kaserne) housed the Royal Artillery Regiment, the Army Materiel Command and ammunition laboratories and depots. Less used after World War II, the barracks were abandoned during 1967 to 1971.

In 2007, the National Heritage Agency proposed protection status for some of the ancient military buildings, Some of the historic buildings have been altered somewhat after Christiania’s takeover. These are:

Den grå hal (‚The grey hall’), formerly a riding house with a unique Bohlendach roof construction, now Christiania’s largest concert venue

Den grønne hal (‚The green hall’), originally a smaller riding house

Mælkebøtten (‚The dandelion’)

The Commander’s house, a half-timbered building

Four gunpowder storehouses that line the redans. They were built 1779 -80 to replace a storage in central Copenhagen, at Østerport. The buildings are renamed Aircondition, Autogena, Fakirskolen (The Fakir School) and Kosmiske Blomst (Cosmic Flower) and have, although protected, been slightly altered from their historical state.

DEN GRL HAL

 

TORPEDOHALLEN

This concrete hall from 1952 that was used to be a torpedo boat plant has now been converted into condos. The building is 160 metres long, 33 metres wide, and 17 metres tall and is a fine example of the engineering of the 1950s: a building with a clear form and a simple construction.

The only things that remain from the original hall are the bare concrete columns and beams that shape its profile. The basin where the boats were launched has also been preserved in the center of the hall. The apartments are located along the sides around an inner street that provides access.

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